I used to be fortunate sufficient to go on two household journeys to Hawaii after I was youthful. There are occasions I nonetheless bear in mind getting off the airplane to be greeted by a Hawaiian girl who put a fantastic lei of plumeria flowers round my neck, in addition to all these plastic plumeria flower souvenirs in lots of the memento outlets all around the islands. I now take pleasure in my very own plumerias in my yard and would like to share my plumeria care ideas with you.
In case you’re in search of a fantastic and aromatic plant so as to add to your backyard, look no additional than the plumeria! This tropical plant is straightforward to take care of and could be grown each indoors and outside. On this information, I’ll focus on every thing you should learn about rising plumeria, from planting cuttings to caring for a mature tree.
Earlier than I speak about plumeria care, I wish to briefly focus on the origin and historical past of plumeria vegetation. It’s fairly attention-grabbing.
Not a Hawaiian Native
I don’t learn about you, however after I see a plumeria flower, a motif, or brand of 1, I instantly consider Hawaii. Do you know these aromatic timber should not initially from the Aloha State? Neither did I!
So, the place are these lovely vegetation from anyhow?
Origin of Plumeria
The plumeria tree is initially from the Caribbean. This is sensible for the reason that Caribbean is one other tropical space, though I don’t consider plumerias after I see or hear in regards to the Caribbean. Possibly pirates however positively not plumerias!
Plumerias additionally originated in Mexico and Central America. From these locations, plumeria timber unfold to different tropical areas as nicely.
The plumeria plant was named after Charles Plumier. He was a French botanist who studied many vegetation within the Americas.
One other title for plumeria timber is frangipani (plumeria rubra). A Sixteenth-century monk named Marquis Frangipani was identified for a fragrance he made. The plumeria flower’s scent and that of Frangipani’s fragrance are related to one another, therefore the opposite title for plumeria vegetation.
Good day from Hawaii
The plumeria tree was first introduced to the nice state of Hawaii in 1860. There’s now such an abundance of plumeria vegetation in Hawaii that many individuals assume its a local plant.
The place Can Plumeria Bushes Develop?
Plumeria vegetation can positively develop in tropical areas, however the place else can they develop? Plumerias could be grown in a wide range of locations, so long as the tree is introduced in throughout the winter. USDA zone 10 is the place plumeria timber develop finest although.
I bear in mind driving round Orange County, CA final yr, seeing all the attractive plumeria blooms pondering, I will need to have one! I’m now the proud proprietor of two small plumeria timber.
Plumeria Care Fundamentals
Caring for plumeria timber is sort of simple. They are often grown within the floor or in containers. I’ve my two small plumeria timber in pots and so they match completely in my little balcony backyard.
Plumerias develop based mostly on the area that’s obtainable to them. These vegetation can unfold out and develop as tall as over 20 ft. As container plants, plumerias will develop as a lot because the pot they’re in will permit.
Plumerias are generally offered as cuttings. The tree I purchased was offered with some soil in its small pot. These vegetation have skinny root methods, so it was simply transferred right into a barely bigger pot.
The opposite plumeria I acquired as a present from my finest good friend’s in-laws. They advised me to let the slicing dry out within the shade for a number of weeks, then plant it. This tree is presently rising in some lovely leaves.
Plumeria Tree Care
As we talked about, plumeria timber are comparatively simple to take care of. They’re drought-tolerant and might survive in a variety of soil varieties, so long as the soil is well-draining. When watering your plumeria tree, make sure to give it a deep watering about as soon as per week. Through the hotter months, you could must water extra usually.
To fertilize your plumeria tree, use a balanced fertilizer that’s particularly designed for flowering plants. Apply the fertilizer in accordance with the directions on the package deal, usually each six weeks or so. You can even add some compost to the soil round your plumeria tree each few months to assist it keep wholesome and powerful.
In case you stay in an space that will get chilly winters, you’ll must carry your plumeria tree indoors or retailer it in a protected space over the winter months. Plumeria timber should not frost-tolerant and won’t survive if the temperature drops under 50 levels Fahrenheit.
Now that you recognize somewhat bit extra about plumeria care, let’s check out easy methods to develop plumeria from cuttings.
Methods to Develop Plumeria from Cuttings
The most effective time to take plumeria cuttings is in late spring or early summer. Search for a wholesome department on the plant that’s about six inches lengthy. Utilizing a pointy knife or pruning shears, make a clear reduce just under a leaf node (the purpose the place leaves are connected to the stem).
Take away any leaves from the underside half of the slicing, then dip the reduce finish in rooting hormone. This step is non-obligatory, however it might probably assist velocity up the rooting course of.
Fill a planting pot with well-draining potting combine, then insert the slicing about midway into the soil. Water totally and place in a vibrant spot out of direct daylight.
Your slicing ought to root inside 4 to 6 weeks. As soon as it has rooted, you may transplant it into a bigger pot or into your backyard.
In case you plan to plant your tree within the floor, use half native soil and half well-draining soil. A cactus, palm and or desert soil will work nice.
If potting the plant, you could wish to add gravel or Perlite to the underside. I added a number of inches of mulch to each my potted plumerias and they’re rising tremendous. Guarantee that the containers have a gap for water drainage.
Rising Plumeria in Pots
One of many nice issues about plumeria is that they are often grown in pots! This makes them excellent for indoor or patio gardens. In case you’re rising your plumeria in a pot, be certain that to decide on one that’s no less than 18 inches extensive and has drainage holes.
Fill the pot with a well-draining potting combine, reminiscent of cactus combine or perlite. Water your plumeria often, ensuring to permit the soil to dry out between watering. In relation to feeding, use a balanced fertilizer each different week throughout the rising season.
After I purchased my first plumeria plant on the finish of final summer season, I anticipated it to start out producing flowers immediately. I’ve had it for nearly a yr and it simply began blooming attractive yellow and white flowers. I’ve needed to study endurance with this plant however its been nicely definitely worth the wait.
The flowers are refreshingly aromatic. Every flowering tree has its personal distinctive perfume to take pleasure in.
How A lot Water?
Plumeria trees are hardy vegetation that don’t require a lot water. Plumerias must be watered often whereas the leaves and flowers are blooming. As soon as the plant’s leaves fall off throughout the winter, it doesn’t must be watered.
I’ve been tempted to water my vegetation after they don’t want any, however attempt to maintain again since I heard that overwatering is a standard motive vegetation die, particularly right here in Southern California the place many vegetation thrive with little water.
Plumeria Care Winter
One thing else I realized about plumeria timber is that they turn into dormant within the winter. When the leaves fell off on the finish of the yr, I believed I had killed my vegetation. I wished to throw them out when this occurred, however took my husband’s recommendation and stored the vegetation.
I’m glad I did since now I’ve two lovely timber! One is producing flowers whereas the opposite is producing leaves. I’m unsure why one just isn’t producing flowers, however I’ve solely had it a number of months so I could have to attend one other yr earlier than I get to take pleasure in its blooms.
Widespread Varieties of Plumeria
There are a lot of various kinds of plumeria timber in a wide range of colours. One of many extra frequent timber is plumeria rubra aztec gold. The flowers on this tree are white with a golden yellow heart.
There are different variations with kind of gold, in addition to kind of white on the flowers. They’re all lovely. Mine are a variation of gold and white flowers.
Different sorts of timber have pink and white flowers with totally different coloured facilities. I’ve seen blue and purple ones on-line, however I heard these have been faux blooms. I’ve seen many white, yellow and pink plumerias whereas driving round my neighborhood.
I hope to personal different colors of plumerias, however will take pleasure in my yellow and white flowered ones for now.
There are a lot of various kinds of plumeria obtainable, so that you’re positive to search out one that you simply love! Listed here are a few of well-liked varieties:
- Frangipani (Plumeria rubra): That is the commonest sort of plumeria and is thought for its aromatic flowers. The flowers are often white, pink, pink, or yellow.
- Plumeria pudica: This selection is also called the “crying frangipani” as a result of its flowers appear like they’re weeping. The flowers are white with yellow within the center.
- Plumeria obtusa: The sort of plumeria has rounder leaves than different varieties and might attain as much as 20 ft tall. The flowers are white with a yellow or pink heart.
Plumeria Care Questions
Under are some questions you’ll have about easy methods to finest care on your plumeria timber.
How do I get my plumeria to bloom?
To encourage blooming, be certain that your plumeria tree is getting sufficient daylight. It must be in a spot that will get six to eight hours of solar per day. As well as, plumeria timber must be well-fed and watered. You’ll want to use a fertilizer particularly designed for flowering vegetation and water deeply about as soon as per week.
What are the white bumps on my plumeria leaves?
In case you see small white bumps on the leaves of your plumeria tree, it’s probably scale bugs. These pests drink sap from the leaves, which causes them to show yellow or brown. To do away with scale bugs, you may deal with your plumeria tree with an insecticidal cleaning soap or horticultural oil.
Does plumeria want full solar?
Sure, plumeria timber want full solar to bloom. They need to be in a spot that will get six to eight hours of daylight per day.
How usually ought to I water my plumeria tree?
Plumeria timber must be watered about as soon as per week, giving the soil time to dry out between waterings. The frequency could must be elevated throughout sizzling, dry climate.
What’s the finest fertilizer for plumeria?
To fertilize your plumeria tree, use a balanced fertilizer that’s particularly designed for flowering vegetation. Apply the fertilizer in accordance with the directions on the package deal, usually each six weeks or so. You can even add some compost to the soil round your plumeria tree each few months to assist it keep wholesome and pleased!
I knew the fundamentals of plumeria care earlier than I started researching for this weblog publish. I’ve realized a lot extra since and I hope you may have realized a factor or two about plumeria care as nicely. Be at liberty so as to add your individual recommendations on caring for plumeria timber under!
Nonetheless have extra questions on plumeria care? Let me know within the feedback part under!